We’ll get around to doing a fuller history of the TOW missile, but here’s a taste for now.
What you see is a TOW2B missile attacking a Soviet built tank on the test range. You will notice the missile never hits the tank, but rather flies over the tank. When it is directly overhead, two warheads detonate, both flinging an EFP towards the top of the tank, where historically the armor is thinnest. You see the missile warheads go off, followed almost instantaneously by the ammo and fuel inside the tank detonating. That’s why the turret goes flying off.
Here’s what a regular HEAT warhead on a earlier TOW does to a Bunker.