The Forrestal Fire

Today marks the anniversary of one of the most famous fires aboard ship, the conflagaration that struck the USS Forrestal as she prepared to launch strikes against North Vietnam in 1967.

http://blogs-images.forbes.com/williampentland/files/2012/09/USS-Forrestal-Fire.jpg

I’ve written of this before here.

One reason the fire is so well known is that it was extensively filmed by cameras used to monitor activities on the flight deck. And that film has been used ever since to train sailors of the dangers of fire, and how best to save their ship.

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U6NnfRT_OZA]

 

The National Naval Aviation Museum actually tracked down the squadron duty logbook of an embarked squadron, VA-65 by the officer on duty, Ron Zlatoper.

http://www.navalaviationmuseum.org/nnam-wp/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Forestal-Fire-Log-Book_02.jpg

Zlatoper would go on to a distinguished career, retiring as a four star Admiral. Who knows what the 134 men who died saving their ship might have done?

Carrier on Fire

Everyone pretty much knows of the fire aboard USS Forrestal.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8a/USS_Forrestal_fire_2_1967.jpg

And most know of the fire aboard USS Enterprise.

http://maquetland.com/v2/images_articles/enterprise-fire.jpg

And lots even know of the fire aboard USS Oriskany.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/24/USS_Oriskany_%28CV-34%29_on_fire%2C_26_October_1966.jpg

But I’ll admit, I didn’t know about the fire on board Constellation before she was even commissioned.

Carriers are tough ships. But they’re also virtual playgrounds for fire. Lots of fuel, explosives, and other flammable materiel in a warren of compartments. You’re thinking to yourself, well, they’re made of steel, how hard can it be to put out a fire? Virtually everything aboard a ship besides the steel will burn, given enough heat and oxygen. Furniture, bedding, clothing, paint, mattresses, paper, wire conduits, insulation, everything.

And fighting a fire shipboard is awful. The same compartmentalization that keeps a ship afloat with flooding means that smoke and heat have no place to escape. Thousands of tons of water have to be used to not just knock down flames, but thoroughly drench and cool anything that might flash back to flame.  Getting cut off from a viable escape route is very easy, and running out of air can happen almost instantaneously.

One small error aboard Constellation lead to a fire that killed 50 shipyard workers.

Safety first.

Thanks to gCaptain. You might wanna click that link to learn the tale of the USNS Harlan Sanders.