For a law enforcement officer to detain you, he must have an articulable reasonable suspicion that you have, are or are about to commit a crime.
But here’s the thing- he doesn’t have to articulate that suspicion to YOU. He has to be able to articulate it to the court.
By all means, know your civil rights, and exercise them.
But understand this, because your freedom or your very life may depend upon this- when an officer has detained you, he has entered the realm of the use of force. Law enforcement has the power, the authority, to use reasonable force to effect that detainment. Your failure to comply will result in escalating force. And whatever actions happened before, the circumstances that lead to the detention are immaterial. Escalations of force are based on your actions while the officer is attempting to effect the detainment.
People are up in arms over a School Resource Officer taking down a student at Spring Valley High School.
Guess what? That happened only because the student made it happen. She could have followed the instructions of the teacher. Or the school administrator. Or the SRO. But she chose not to, and guess what? That has consequences.